Oil and Gas Development
Development of oil and gas has taken place within Greeley city limits since the
1970’s and represents a unique type of land use. As a property right, mineral
owners are allowed to access and extract the resource; these rights, however,
are balanced against the rights of surface property owners. The surface owner
and mineral rights owner may be the same, but they also often are not,
particularly within newer areas of the city.
Greeley supports the responsible and balanced development of oil and gas. It
also recognizes that the State, through the Colorado
Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (“COGCC”),
has significant regulatory control and responsibilities for local drilling. This
authority was clarified in 1992, when the City of Greeley lost a Colorado
Supreme Court ruling after seeking to prohibit oil and gas development within
city limits. Generally, the State’s regulations control below-ground activity,
and the active drilling process (including hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking”,
which is done prior to the completion of the well).
However, many activities associated with drilling and producing can still be
managed through City
In April 2013 the Greeley City Council completed a “Memorandum
with the COGCC, in which the State agreed to defer to the City on matters that
harmonize and do not conflict with State rules.
more on the drilling process, regulations, and public health